Ibn Battuta is a traveler of historical importance who started exploring the world from an early age. He was a Muslim scholar who studied law. His hunger to learn more took him to a journey that ended after thirty years. He visited numerous countries during his eventful life. He started traveling at an early age, and his first journey was towards Mecca.
Ibn Battuta was grown up in a religious family, so he wanted to perform Hajj. Hajj is a religious obligation that Muslims from all over the world perform every year. Even though there were no modern means of communication and transportation, Ibn Battuta explored the world and described in his writings how huge the Muslim world was at that time.
The great Muslim explorer Ibn Battuta was born in Tangier in 1304. Tangier is a port near the Strait of Gibraltar and a part of modern Morocco. Ibn Battuta belonged to the family of scholars, so he was raised with a focus on education. But the problem was that there were no Madrassa and big universities for higher learning. He wanted to learn more and find the best teachers and libraries for this purpose. So, Ibn Battuta decided to start exploring the world, but before that he wanted to perform Hajj.
Ibn Battuta started his journey riding solo on a donkey, but then he joined a pilgrim caravan. Route the caravan had chosen was bandit-infested that Ibn Battuta got a fever. During his travel, he married a girl. When Ibn Battuta was in Egypt, he studied Islamic law. Also, he visited Alexandria and Cairo. When he reached Mecca, he performed Hajj and then decided to keep exploring the world. His decision gave the history a great explorer and traveler. Ibn Battuta traveled more than Marco Polo. The traveling journey of Ibn Battuta is almost thirty years long.
The Islamic civilization had extended through much of the known world when Ibn Battuta started his journey. The Islamic world was stretched from West Africa to the Middle East. The area where Muslim rulers were governing was called “Dar-ul-Islam” (the abode of Islam). Ibn Battuta once said that he saw a dream in which a bird took him on its winds and made a long flight towards the east. He said that the bird left him there. When he asked a holy man for the interpretation of his dream, he was told that he would roam across the world.
People usually give the title of “history’s most famous traveler” to Ibn Battuta. But it is a fact that Ibn Battuta was way better than him. He was educated and traveled more than Marco Polo. Ibn Battuta decided to explore most of the Muslim world. He was liked by the people wherever he went. The rulers of the Muslim states gifted him several things. He served as a Qadi and a scholar in many Muslim countries. Ibn Battuta asked Ibn Juzayy a young scholar to write down his traveling experiences. His book Rihla provides us the information about all the nations and countries where he went. He described much about the adventures and dangerous he came across and how he survived. Also, he stated about the culture of the regions he visited.
After completing his travel, Ibn Battuta came back to his hometown. He also served as a judge in his hometown after coming back. We do not have much information about Ibn Battuta and his life after the completing of his book Rihla. This great explorer died in 1368 in Morocco.